From Paul Virilio’s Open Sky to Brian Carrol’s Legal Landscape

My Highlights of Paul Virilio’s Open Sky 

I’m not going to lie, my understanding of Paul Virilio’s Open Sky is a little shaky, but I do appreciate his myriad of references to art and art history. Here are my favorites:

  • Vincent Van Gogh: “If anyone thinks I paint too fast, the are watching me too fast” (26).
  • August Rodin: “No, it is art that tells the truth and photography that lies, for in reality time does not stand still” (27)
  • When someone told Edgar Degas that “a landscape is a state of mind,” he replied “no, it’s not! it’s a state of eye!” (41)

It seems that Virilio utilizes these references to show the changing ways in which we percieve the world. The photograph is no longer the still frame it once was. Our changing technologies have enabled us to see and communicate more than ever before. So how has this changed the way we interact with each other?

Carroll’s “Legal Landscape”

In Writing for Digital Media, Brian Carroll highlights the legal contexts in which web content creaters operate under. The chapter analyzes the limits on their freedoms and how these laws have changed over time. These laws have created much tension and conflict. One such conflict is a result of copyright and intellectual property issues, which include the following:

  1. Patents
  2. Trademarks
  3. Plagiarism
  4. Copyright

Let’s focus on copyright, which initially served to protect only printers and not artists, but has since shifted to include all created authors. Copyright can most notably be limited by fair use, which essentially means the work must be transformative and not negatively affect the original. So where is the line with art? If Andy Warhol had painted his Campbell’s Soup Cans under today’s laws, would they be considered fair use? 

Andy Warhol


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